When you see your preteen with a bleeding nose, it can take your breath away! A child in distress is the worst kind of test a mother can go through. Fortunately, a nosebleed is very easy to treat and can be done at home. The first thing to do when treating nosebleed in children is to stay calm.
ALSO, READ Identifying Iron Deficiency in Children
Types of Nosebleed
An anterior nosebleed is very common in children which has blood coming from the front of the nose. This is caused by the rupturing of the tiny blood vessels known as capillaries. A posterior nosebleed is not very common in children unless a child has been in an accident which caused a face or nose injury. The blood comes from deeper inside the nose.
Causes of Nosebleed in Children
There are a few reasons why a child may have a nosebleed.
- Dry Air – dry air from staying indoors for too long in heaters causes dryness. Dry weather as well can cause irritation and dehydrate the nasal membranes.
- Picking or Scratching – scratching and picking the nose can prick blood vessels resulting in the nose to bleed.
- Trauma – an injury can also cause a nosebleed. This is very common and can be treated easily at home. Medical attention should be given if the nosebleed does not stop after 10 minutes.
- Cold, allergies and sinus infections – sinus and cold which results in a congested nose can also cause a nosebleed.
- Bacterial infection – infections can cause sore and red crusted areas on the lining inside the nose which can cause a nosebleed.
You can help slow down the nosebleed by first asking your child to sit down calmly on a chair. Next, ask your child to sit straight slowly titling the head forward. Leaning the head back will cause the blood to go in the throat which will result in your child gagging, coughing and eventually throwing up.
Next, apply light pressure on the soft part of the nose below the nasal bridge. Ask your child to breathe through the mouth. Continue doing this for 10 minutes. Releasing too early can cause the blood to flow again. You can also apply ice to reduce the blood flow.
Call for medical help if the nosebleed is a result of something your child may have inserted in his/her nose. If your child has recently started taking a new medicine or if you see bleeding from other places like their gums too.
Also get medical help if the bleeding does not stop even after applying the 10 minutes pressures twice. Stay safe and healthy!