When a woman gets pregnant, her body goes through a lot of changes. This can get confusing for first-time mothers. On average, a normal pregnancy has a number of scans which are important and standardly required by the doctors. There important scans during pregnancy are routine tests which monitor the development of the baby and the health of both the mother and her unborn child.
- Transvaginal Scan
Transvaginal means ‘through the vagina’ scan. A probe is inserted through the vagina to check the pelvic area. These include examining the uterus wall, ovaries, fallopian tubes and the cervix. Doctors recommend doing this scan during early pregnancy to determine any chances of a miscarriage or a premature delivery.
- Nuchal Translucency Scan
This scan is performed at the 11 to 14th week of pregnancy. This is to determine if the baby has the Down’s syndrome. The NT scan determines the chances of inheriting this syndrome by checking the thickness of fluid at the back of the baby’s neck. If the fluid is more than normal, it can indicate that baby having the Down’s syndrome. Further tests are then conducted to ensure and remedial actions are then taken.
- Fatal Anomaly Scan
This scan is done in the second trimester and the most exciting one of all! During the 5th month which is around 18 to 20 weeks, the anomaly scan helps doctors check the baby’s developing. It shows all abnormalities if the baby has any. You also get to see your baby for the first time in full shape, moving and breathing inside you. The scan also checks the placement of the placenta and the overall condition of the uterus.
- Doppler Scan
This scan checks the developmental health of the baby. The flow of blood to the brain, heart and the umbilical cord are checked. This can be seen in the Doppler scan which creates the images of the blood through vessels. This ensures that the baby is getting optimum oxygen and nutrients needed for growth.
- Routine Antenatal Scans
Antenatal scans are recommended by the doctor which are done regularly throughout the pregnancy. This checks the health of the baby and the mother. The tests will include blood pressure, urine tests and the weight and height of the mother and the baby. It also covers the screening for anaemia, diabetes and other diseases.