Since the weather is very unpredictable in Pakistan with constant fluctuations of the heat waves. It is very important to understand the basics of how to stop your body from overheating. Staying cool is essential since it allows your body to stay safe and continue to work as normal.
How Heat Affects A Body
There is a natural process of cooling down which your body follows. In order to maintain safe body temperature, the body sweats. If a person is doing some hard body work like running, exercising, cooking or working out, the body loses too many fluids through sweat. The body has to work harder in order to cool down the temperature. The body sends more blood away from the muscles towards the skin which causes an increase in the heart rate. This results in a lot of sweating and if the temperatures are humid, the sweat does not evaporate and stays on the skin which does not allow the body to cool itself.
There are heat emergencies that a human body can go through which includes:
- Heatstroke – this is one of the most deadly scenarios that Pakistan has seen over the last couple of years. In a heatstroke, the temperature of the body rises above 40 degrees Celsius.
- Heat Exhaustion – in heat exhaustion the person will go through heavy sweating, get cold and clammy skin, experience nausea and vomiting.
- Heat Cramps – the person will experience cramps in the stomach and the legs. This is the first signs of the body for overheating.
Younger children and old aged individuals are at a higher risk of suffering from a heat illness. People with heart diseases and who are obese can also have a higher chance of suffering from a heat illness.
How to Prevent Overheating of the Body
Here are a few tips that will help you stay cool under every condition:
- Drinking a lot of fluids is very important. If you exercise on a regular basis, make sure that you drink water before, during and after every workout session. You will know if you lack water in your body if your urine is not clear or pale yellow (the colors of healthy urine).
- Avoid drinking caffeine, and soda drinks as the excess amount of sugars in each drink can make your body lose fluids.
- Drink energy drinks that have salts and minerals. Drinks like ORS are also very good as it contains a higher amount of salt and minerals with less sugar.
- Whenever you drink water or anything else after a workout makes sure that you drink cool drinks. Chilled or very cold drinks may cause stomach cramps so avoid that.
- Avoid exercising on days which are very hot. If you absolutely have to work out, do your exercises very early morning or later at night.
- Make sure that you are wearing light material clothing as that will play an important role in keeping your body cool.
- Avoid walking in the sun and rest in the shade whenever you can to avoid a heat stroke.
You can stay safe by keeping always carrying a water bottle with you and remember – water is your best friend!