Vitamins and minerals play a very important role in the healthy development of a child. A balanced diet ensures that they get enough supply of vitamins and minerals that meet their daily requirements for development of muscles and bones. Lack of vitamins and minerals causes health problems and therefore you need to add foods to your child’s diet that act as good vitamin supplements to make up for the deficiency. Here we discuss the symptoms of vitamin deficiency and food that act as a supplement for vitamins.
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Vitamins are of two types; water soluble and fat soluble. Vitamin C and B are water soluble and are passed out through the bladder. Therefore these need to be replenished more often. Vitamin A, D, E are fat soluble and are stored in the body.
Vitamin A: It helps in the development of tissues; improves immune system and eyesight.
Symptoms: deficiency in Vitamin A may cause night blindness and other eyesight and muscle related problems.
Supplements: adding eggs, dairy products including milk, curd, and cheese, vegetables such as yam, carrots, potato, and squash in the daily diet of children helps overcome vitamin A deficiency.
Vitamin B: it is needed for healthy growth and metabolism. It provides energy to the body. It improves the working of heart muscles and nervous system.
Symptoms: Lack of Vitamin B causes anemia, slows down the growth, causes damage to nerves and causes movement disorder
Supplements: its found in good amounts in meat, fish, milk and other dairy products and beans.
Vitamin C: it is needed for healthy development of connective tissues, skin and good oral health.
Symptoms: the low presence of Vitamin C can make gums bleed too often, slow down healing of wounds, cause swelling of joints, dryness of skin making it look scaly and increases the risks of infections.
Supplements: citrus fruits are a good source of Vitamin C. Berries, carrots; tomatoes and broccoli to are rich in Vitamin C.
Vitamin D: it is needed for the development of bones and teeth as it helps to absorb calcium.
Symptoms: small body structure, chipped teeth and decaying dental, health, weak bones and muscle spasms.
Supplements: Dairy products and calcium added orange drinks can help overcome Vitamin D deficiency.
Vitamin E: helps in keeping eyes and skin healthy.
Symptoms: its lack can cause skin problems, loss of hair, eyesight related problems, liver diseases, speech disorder and weak muscles.
Supplements: leafy green vegetables, nuts, egg yolk and vegetable oils are a good source of Vitamin E.
Vitamin K: helps in the healing of wounds by clotting.
Symptoms: bleeding of wounds for longer time shows a deficiency of vitamin K.
Supplements: add spinach, salad patta/lettuce, broccoli, shalghum pattay, pine nuts, blueberries, pumpkin, and soybeans should be added to the diet to make up for the deficiency.
If despite care and a good diet, the child still suffers from slow body growth and eyesight problems, it is best to see a doctor for treatment.